Achieving Sustainability Through Clean Water and Sanitation: A Review

by Ram Prakash Pandey1 , Diksha Sinha2 , Roopali Sharma3
1Research Scholar, Faculty of Commerce, BHU, Varanasi, India
2Research Scholar, Department of Management, BIT Mesra, Jaipur Campus, India
3Professor, Department of Management, BIT Mesra, Jaipur Campus, India


Pandey, R. P., Sinha, D., & Sharma, R. (2024). Achieving Sustainability Through Clean Water and Sanitation: A Review. In R. Sharma, R. Pareek (Eds.), New Paradigms of Sustainability in the Contemporary Era (pp 46-56). CSMFL Publications.


In 2015, UN Member States adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6): Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all. The attainment of water and sanitation targets is difficult due to administrative, operational, political, trans-border, technical, and policy challenges. The paper conducts a systematic review of the literature with step-by-step procedure using the Web of Science database and extracting 273 documents for the study and thematic clusters are formed based on bibliographic coupling using VOS-Viewer software to consolidate the outcomes of scientific papers on Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6) established by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015. The outcome suggests that globally, the attainment of water and sanitation goals is dependent on economic development, the development of revolutionary measures for wastewater treatment, and the creation of awareness related to water usage, water recycling, water harvesting, hygiene, and sanitation. Behavioural changes are also required for a new water culture and the attainment of water and sanitation goals by 2030.

Keywords: Sustainable development goals; clean water; Sanitation; Systematic review; Water recycling

This chapter is a part of: New Paradigms of Sustainability in the Contemporary Era (Eds. Roopali Sharma & Ritu Pareek)

© CSMFL Publications & its authors.


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