The Entrepreneurship and Sustainable Development in Jharkhand: Case Study of Sabars

by Abhishek Chauhan1 & Mukesh Kumar Singh2
1, 2Assistant Professor, SBU, Ranchi, India


Chauhan, A., & Singh, M. K. (2024). The Entrepreneurship and Sustainable Development in Jharkhand: Case Study of Sabars. In R. Sharma, R. Pareek (Eds.), New Paradigms of Sustainability in the Contemporary Era (pp 57-69). CSMFL Publications.


In Jharkhand Sabars tribes, one of the most Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) tribes of 32 tribal communities of the Jharkhand state, predominately forest-dwelling tribe lack experience in agriculture and rely on the forest for their livelihood. It has been mentioned during then British Period, Sabars were categorized as ‘criminal tribes’ under the Criminal Tribes Act 1871, and still fighting with social stigma and ostracism in modern times. Sabars have an inherent art of making tokri, sup, basket, hats and other handicrafts from Kanshi Grass, bamboo and palm leaves. Till 1996, they used to make baskets, mats and broom from Kanshi grass and sell it in the local village haat/weekly market at throw away prices. In the present situation, with the support and dedication of the Government of Jharkhand and some Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) Sabars have been trying to make their way towards an innovative world and nowadays, the Sabars are trying to create a different platform, not only for their existence but the main focus is on the preservation of their inherent art while doing the business. Many families of Sabars tribe are being trained through the Government of Jharkhand projects like – Palash. So that they could improve their handmade useful craft to better marketability and entrepreneurial abilities. Whereas in the age of digitalization and sustainability lot has to be done for Sabars. Finally, they are needed to be motivated towards their entrepreneurial abilities and to create a suitable and sustainable marketing platform for their products.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Sabars Tribe, Entrepreneurial, Sustainability, Kanshi Grass

This chapter is a part of: New Paradigms of Sustainability in the Contemporary Era (Eds. Roopali Sharma & Ritu Pareek)

© CSMFL Publications & its authors.


  1. Ekka, Alexius and Mohammad Asif (2000): “Data Base on Development-Induced-Displacement and Rehabilitation in Jharkhand 1951-1995”, Research Project under Completion, Indian Social Institute, New Delhi.
  2. Weiner, Myron (1988). Sons of the Soil, Oxford University Press.
  3. Singh, A. K., Sinha, S. K., Jayaswal, M., & Jabbi, M. K. (1988). Population-Health Education in the Tribals of South Bihar. Social Change, 18(1), 3-29.
  4. Chand, S. K. (1994). Tribal Population and Development in Bihar. Population and Development in Bihar, BR Publishing Corporation.
  5. Ekka, A. (2000). Jharkhand tribals: Are they really a minority? Economic and Political Weekly, 4610-4612.
  6. Saxena, N. C. (2007). Rehabilitating degraded lands. Environmental issues in India: A reader.
  7. Oraon, P. C (2003). Land and People of Jharkhand. JTWRI, Ranchi.
  8. Primitive Tribal Group of Jharkhand Survey Report (2002-03). Jharkhand Tribal Welfare Research Institute, Ministry of Welfare, Government of Jharkhand, Ranchi.
  9. Dhebar, U. N. (1960-61): “Report of the Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes Commission”, (New Delhi: Planning Commission).
  10. JICA. (2011). Present conditions of Jharkhand State. Preparatory Survey on Initiative for Horticulture Intensification by Micro Drip Irrigation in Jharkhand, 1–197.
  11. Vidyarthi, L. P., & Sahay, K. N. (1976). The dynamics of tribal leadership in Bihar: Research project on changing leadership in a tribal society, 1967-1971. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal.
  12. de Valle, S. B. (1982). Tribal Religion. Religious Beliefs and Practices among the Santals.
  13. Sharma, S. (1994). Tribal identity and the modern world. Sage Publications India Pvt Ltd.
  14. Sachidanand (1968). Tribal village in Bihar: A Study in Unity and Extension.
  15. Risley, H. H. (1891). The tribes and castes of Bengal: anthropometric data (Vol. 2). Printed at the Bengal secretariat Press.
  16. Singh, K.S (1985). The Tribal Society in India: An Anthropo-historical Perspective.

[email protected]

Follow us @